Pregnancy is a wonderful journey of a women’s life and it changes the periphery of one’s life. It is of utmost significance to give sufficient care of the body of the pregnant mother and of the developing fetus, the baby.
The stages of Pregnancy:
Pregnancy is typically divided into three stages which are called ‘trimesters’. The whole process of pregnancy takes approximately 40 weeks from the day of conception.
- First trimester (week 1-week 12)
- Second trimester (week 13-week 28)
- Third trimester (week 29-week 40)
How important is diet in pregnancy?
The diet should be nutritionally balanced, with lots of liquid intake, should include all the food groups, meals should be spread over shorter intervals, and the food plate should be colorful. Lastly, the food should be chewed properly and whilst maintaining a positive and happy mood. Eat healthy is the most common advice but here is what and when about your pregnancy diet.
Since in the beginning phase, initial few weeks are where they not even aware of pregnancy and later there can be signs of morning sickness, hence one should start with healthy diet with vitamins and minerals. Also it is important to know from doctor if you need any dose of multivitamins, especially folic acid. Folic acid, available in greens like broccoli and spinach, offers building blocks for the construction of cells in the baby’s body. Its magnesium content helps in easing morning sickness too. The iron intake helps in red blood cells formation whilst the child’s heart is formed.
Safety measures like having frequent meals with small amount of food helps in better digestion and higher nutritional value. Intake of fresh fruits, vegetables and liquids should be increased.
It’s time when baby’s eyes and bones need strengthening. Hence lot of dairy products like milk, yoghurt and cheese can provide that calcium reserve. Further Vitamin D helps in absorption of Calcium in the bones which can be fulfilled by sunshine and mushrooms. Beta-carotene from carrots and other orange foods benefits eye health.
Since the baby is growing hence the abdomen needs to be strong to support the expansion and baby’s weight. It is by the end of this trimester that one can feel the movement of the baby.
It’s time for Vitamin K by adding kale, spinach or Swiss chard to the diet and this will help baby’s blood to clot. One should drink lots of milk to supply necessary calcium and magnesium to the baby who is still in the phase of strengthening the body. Towards the 38th week, the baby’s body is fully developed except for lungs which are still developing. Whole grains, fish and antioxidant rich foods like tomatoes, cranberries and artichokes will add to the strong immune system.
In this period, it is quite natural to have more tendencies to go to bathroom as the growing baby exerts higher pressure on the body organs. Excessively spicy food or intake of extra salt should be controlled.