C-Sections Are Best With a Little Labor, a Study Says!

C-section delivery operation

A new research says that c section process is completely safe and reduce the different risk factor, which has enhance the ratio of child birth in last decades.

C-section surgery

In old days, there was the different perspective for s- section deliveries. Only a few recommend the C-section due to the post deliveries risk factors.  It was considered one of the major surgeries.  On the other hand, nowadays C section has become normal with progress in the field of surgery. Even though vaginal birth should be the first preference if a mother doesn’t have any complication or there are no issues with your labor.  In addition, overall a C-section is perfectly safe too for mothers and baby.

C-sections are safe

C-section delivery

Regardless of C-section being a major surgery, this is a very well controlled procedure.  An Anaesthesiologist will make sure that you are relaxed and stable during the whole procedure. And your gynaecologist with required specialists will do the surgery.  This procedure could save you from any type of complication in pregnancy. A new mother and new-born baby will safe completely. Now a day’s surgery procedure has improved and counter minimum risk factor.  Medical science has enriched with latest technology and software that support the procedure.  Even though C-section cut will heal fast with the skin glue or dissolving stitching.  And now a day, doctors recommend starting standing after 24 hours of the procedure. Your doctor will tell you about the benefits of stay active, it will prevent the blood clot problems or any numbness issues.

No need for the vaginal recovery

C section procedure-Vaginal recovery

There is no need of vaginal recovery after C section procedure.  It seems to undergo surgery have a lot of advantages with little labor.  There will be comparatively less bleeding in the first few days after Caesarean Birth. This delivery process may save you the worry about destroying the area between the back passage, perineum and the vagina in most of the cases. Nevertheless, labor pains exist during Caesarean Birth too and they are as intense as vaginal birth labor pains window.  But anyhow There will be fewer problems mentally and let you enjoy the day of childbirth. A new mother does not need to do vaginal recovery exercises to get in natural shape which will get damaged in the natural process.

Bonding with your baby is getting easier with C-section births

C-section  child birth

Many hospitals offer family cantered known as “gentle C-section”.   It means hospitals will let the mom do skin to skin with the baby immediately after birth. And this could be the best thing for baby and mother both as long as no complications arise.  It will help the new mother to start nursing as soon as possible. It will enhance the bonding of baby and mother easily after delivery. Anaesthesiologist will make easy your Caesarean period and do whatever possible to make calm and relaxed during Caesarean-section delivery.

Infections Are Not Transmitted

Caesarean delivery - less infection

In Caesarean, there is very less probability of transmitting the infection.  If Mother is infected with any kind of diseases or viral, then C-section declines the risk of the infection passing over from the mother to the baby. And if during pregnancy mother has diseases like HIV, then there is more possibility to secure the baby with Caesarean delivery. If a mother has such issues, it is recommended to discuss to doctor at prior and stay updated.

Less discomfort

caesarean operation-Less discomfort

The caesarean operation also lowers the risk of birth injuries such as asphyxia (oxygen deprivation) and other problems like shoulder dystocia, fractures and, Seligman in some cases. In addition, caesarean section operations actually prevent pelvic floor disorders. And that problems are still somewhat controversial. According to the study, if women have had surgery for incontinence prior to pregnancy, it is recommended to go for C-section in order to avoid re-injury. The caesarean operation also reduces the risk of injury to the vagina, which will help the mother to improve the bonding with the partner after pregnancy.  The risk of pain during sex and bowel problems is no higher than for a vaginal birth process.

C section does not lead to damage to the pelvic floor, which is happening in the natural birth process.  C-section will prevent all such kind of issues and traumatic experiences of the new mother during the vaginal birth process.

 Experts warn that it doesn’t mean you should go for Caesarean unless it’s required.  But don’t get panic with the name of Caesarean.  It is easy, fast and safe too.

Five Facts about Female Fertility That Might Surprise You

Female Fertility

Woman fertility is described as the ability to conceive a biological child successfully.  Female and her partner might question the rate of fertility if the couple has been trying to get pregnant with frequent and unprotected sex for more than 6 months or more than that.  And if the female is more than 35 than there may be different issues.

Female Fertility

This is known that females are most fertile before the age of 30 as the study says.  And after 30, fertility starts to decrease with time due to many reasons like lifestyle, the rate of physical activity, stress level and many more.  In addition, after 35 fertility declines more significantly and increases the risk of miscarriage.

Approx. 6-12 Menstrual Cycles to Conceive

It can take 6-12 menstrual cycles to conceive naturally. This fact is based on the average studies of female fertility.  It could possibly in one cycle too but Taking a few cycles to conceive is normal.

Menstrual Cycles to Conceive

Couples of normal fertility who are appropriately aiming the fertile times up to six cycles to conceive approximately. Couples need to monitor times of fertility and take guidance from gynaecologist specialist to reduce the time. And have patience, Don’t get anxious if you started trying 2 months ago and unable to get the result. Find the great resource in understanding your times of peak fertility. Do some study and use the strips to check the fertility peak.

Weight Management with Menstruation Cycle

Menstruation Cycle

Are you Surprised!  Yes, more than 20 % infertility cases have rooted in weight issues. It is not only the overweight problems but malnourished or over exercised could be the main root of your problem.  Weight management is directly connected to the menstruation cycle. An irregular period should not be ignored at any age; it could cause the problem or could say irregular period comes due to problems. So always make sure about all fact of periods like – Is your period irregular? Heavy? Light? Always late or always early?  And If a female see herself in any window then please check with the gynecologist.  In most of the cases, Irregular periods are typically ignored by women. An irregular period can be symptomatic of a causal health condition with impact on fertility.

Ovulation On Time

Ovulation On Time

Do you know a minimum of 22 percent body fat is necessary for normal ovulation and reproductive competence?  Yes, On the other hand, being overweight can alter hormone chemistry and help prevent ovulation on time. And the good news is that shedding or gaining weight could easily cure weight-related infertility. To know more about ovulation on time and your fertility rate, female could go for tests or ultrasounds to get the current status. Ovulation study is very necessary to conceive on time if a female is unable to get the result after many tries. It is recommended to contact gynaecologist specialist to learn about the process or symptoms body gives that particular time. It could increase the chance of conceiving.

Age Factor

Age Factor

Age factor has the direct relation with a fertility of the woman.  All females are more likely to fertile during in the twenties and after that, It starts declining.  It is important to know about the benefits of right age conceiving.  But It could not say that after an age, the female will not become the mother.  Problems could come likely with age factor.  Experts say that 10 to 30 % of women become major infertility problems with age factor but not all.  Under the good guidance of gynecologist, women could conceive easily. Here could some other factors which impact the fertility of the woman. Besides if you are planning and not getting the result, then adopt some healthy habits and food and follow the instruction of your doctor to get the result.

 Healthy Lifestyle


 Healthy Lifestyle

The healthy lifestyle is a must for all age woman to improve fertility. And good lifestyle indicates the healthy and balanced diet with balanced physical activity. lifestyle choices give a huge impact on fertility.  When start planning to get pregnant, the woman may wonder about her fertility and whether it could improve or not. Around a few factors might be beyond your control due to some reasons, such as medical issues that disturb the ability to conceive overall. Nevertheless, some good lifestyle choices can have an effect on fertility too.

It recommended to all females, who are planning for the baby, go for regular check-ups.  Choose the healthy lifestyle and make you aware about the basic information, that has to know before conceive.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome : Symptoms, Treatment and What You Need to Know

Women are seen ignoring health in several ways. The outcomes of this negligence or lack of awareness is very intricate. One such impact is visibly seen on their fertility. Personal health and hygiene play pivotal role in a woman’s physical ability to conceive.

PCOS is one such health condition which has been found to affect one out of 10 women in their childbearing age. Let’s discover the details of PCOS so that we can deal with it effectively.


What is PCOS?

PCOS or Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is one of the common causes of infertility in women. It creates a hormonal imbalance and induces metabolism related problems. This affects their overall health and appearance.  This hormonal disorder affects around 12-18% of women of reproductive age.

Causes of PCOS

The exact cause of PCOS has not been identified yet. However, experts predict some of the following factors at play:

  • Family History: Immediate female relatives of women with PCOS double the chance of having PCOS.
  • Androgens:  The so called male hormone – Androgens are produced in very small quantity in women. Increase in androgen levels in women can stimulate extra hair growth and acne. It is also disrupts the ovulation during each menstrual cycle.
  • Insulin Resistance: Insulin is a hormone which regulates the conversion of food into energy. When the body cells do not respond normally to insulin, condition of insulin resistance gets created. This is common in women with PCOS, especially those who are overweight, follow unhealthy eating habits, sedentary lifestyle etc.

Symptoms of PCOS

It is challenging to identify the symptoms of PCOS. The symptoms are diverse and not every woman with PCOS shows the same symptoms. Some of the reported symptoms of PCOS are:

  • Irregular menstrual cycle: Women with PCOS may have fewer periods. It can be less than eight in a year. In other cases, they may get periods every 21 days or more often. Some may stop having menstrual periods.
  • Excessive growth of unwanted hair: “Hirsutism” is seen in almost 70% of women with PCOS. In this condition, women have hair growth in those parts of the body where men usually have hair including their face and chin.
  • Darkening of skin: This is more prevalent around neck creases, groin and underneath the breasts.
  • Weight gain i.e. these women tend to be overweight or obese. Also, they experience extreme difficulty in losing weight.
  • Skin tags some women may develop skin tags (excess flaps of skin) in the region of armpits and neck.
  • Frequent mood swings and depression are seen in women with PCOS.
  • Acne can develop on the face, chest and upper back.
  • Thinning of hair or hair loss on the scalp and male-pattern baldness may be witnessed.

Links with other health problems

Studies reveal that PCOS can lead to other health problems such as:

More than 50% women with PCOS are diagnosed with either diabetes or pre-diabetes (glucose intolerance) before the age of 40.

  • Hypertension: Women with PCOS pose higher risk of having high blood pressure in comparison to women of same age without PCOS. High blood pressure can further lead to heart disease and stroke.
  • Endometrial Cancer: Women with PCOS face problems related to ovulation, obesity, insulin resistance and diabetes. This increases the risk of developing cancer of endometrium (lining of the uterus or womb).
  • Depression and anxiety are common in women suffering with PCOS.
  • Sleep apnea: Sleep apnea is a condition in which sleep is disturbed by momentary and repeated stops in breathing. Obesity couple with PCOS causes sleep apnea. Sleep apnea increases risk against higher cholesterol levels, heart disease and diabetes.


Treatment of PCOS

PCOShas no cure till date. Don’t worry; it is possible to effectively manage the symptoms of PCOS. A gynecologist is the right person for seeking advice. Basic information which prepares you mentally is provided here.

1. Personal care and hygiene

Personal care and hygiene is very important for good health. The same holds true for treating PCOS also.

Losing weight: Obesity is a major health concern which is also responsible for PCOS. Regular exercise and good food habits bring relief from PCOS-related symptoms. Weight loss lowers your blood glucose levels and increases the use of insulin in the body. It also aids to regulate the hormonal balance. This can regularize your menstrual cycle improving chances of pregnancy.

Clean underparts: One should keep their private parts clean. You can use facial hair removal creams, to remove excess hair. Laser hair removal or electrolysis can be considered on doctor’s advice.

2. Medicines

Several medications including anti- estrogen medication can be suggested by your doctor. Treatment may vary depending on the symptoms, your plans related to pregnancy, related health risks.

‘Prevention is better than cure’ works best with PCOS. And, in case it’s already there, consult your gynecologist immediately.


Recovery after a C Section: Answers to the Most Common Questions

C-section delivery

Pregnancy is the wonderful opportunity to nurture and give birth to a new life. The process of childbirth may sometimes involve a C-section delivery. The recovery in case of vaginal birth is much faster than the C-sec cases. The impact of this is largely on the woman’s physically health as well as this makes it a little harder to take care of the newborn.

C-section delivery

Since there are lots of precautions which need to be taken and many repercussions of the conditions, hence it is very much fair to have your mind overloaded with questions during pregnancy and even after having a C-section. To bring you ease, here are some of the most common questions which one may ask about C-section recovery.

Question: How soon will I recover?

Answer: A minimum rest for the first six weeks is required for healing of the body. The chances are that your gynecologist would have given you appointment for first and second meeting at the time of discharge. When you meet your doctor at around 6 weeks’ time, the doctor will monitor your recovery and accordingly suggest. You may feel the urgency to get back to your normal routine with added responsibilities of a new life, but it is equally important to take care of yourself to ensure complete recovery before taking charge of your daily routine.

Question: When should I start walking?

Answer: Walking and movement is very crucial after surgery. Even if you feel very weak to walk, but still, the sooner you start with your walk, the better it is. The initial walk may be of just a few steps and gradually you can keep on increasing your distance. This will help in blood circulation to your legs and reduce the chances of developing any blood clots (Deep Vein Thrombosis or DVT). The first walk should be taken with support and it should be done while looking straight or focusing on some object.

Walking and movement

Be careful with the stitches and you may even support your incision with a pillow. Don’t overdo walking and in case it so happens, you increased blood flow which usually is bright red in color indicates that you need to reduce the amount of walking. Even if you fear the pain or as if the whole incision will tear apart, it is important part of the C-section recovery process.

Question: What is the diet supported for a smooth recovery from C-section before getting on to burgers and pizzas?

Answer: Food plays an important role in the recovery from C-section delivery. Once you have started with movement, you should start taking clear liquids and gradually migrate to eating solid foods. When on liquid diet, make sure to drink plenty of water to ensure your body is sufficiently hydrated. This even helps in holding back some amount of hunger pains.


After the initial 8 hours post operation, when there is no visible risk of heavy bleeding, the food is typically started. Start eating small amounts at a time and make sure to have good amount of fiber-rich diet which help you keep up with your mission of getting back to shape as well. In case of gastric trouble or constipation, ask your doc if they could prescribe some laxatives.

Question: When should I start breastfeeding?

Answer: Breastfeeding is a unique experience for every mother. In case of C-section, your breastfeeding would depend on the kind of anesthesia you were given. If you are given epidural or spinal block in which you are awake but free from pain, you should be able to breastfeed the new born as soon as you feel comfortable to do so. Some gynecologists even put the baby on mom’s chest to bring skin to skin contact even after a C-section birth.

Question: When will I be able to start with lifting weight after my C-section surgery?

Answer: Your C-section surgery largely involved your abdominal muscles. Hence it is utmost crucial for you to recover completely before even thinking of lifting any weight, anything which weighs more than your baby. In general, doctors recommend avoiding any sort of lifting of weight for the first 3 to 6 weeks. Further, it also depends on your physical health and body weight. As you come into routine, you yourself will be able to understand your body and how much weight you can lift. Overweight women have to be overly cautious as they have higher chances of developing hernia.

The plethora of questions may still continue to flow. And despite our effort to answer some of the important questions which may make you little comfortable, it is very important to always consult your gynecologist with your concerns to be safe in all conditions.


Achieving Enhanced Mother and Child Care

Pregnancy and child birth are two distinct events in the life of a woman which make her feel complete. During the entire period of pregnancy distributed across three trimesters, a woman goes through various moods and expectations like physiological, psychological, social etc. Medical needs are also necessary and a proper routine observation and consultation from a gynecologist and obstetrician is quintessential.

Mother and Child Care

In line with these needs of the expectant mother, the underlined fundamental need is to feel the sense of control and empowerment during this journey of childbirth. Hence, the whole family including the pregnant woman should ensure that high quality care is provided to her. Needless to say, these women feel physically and mentally stressed about the delivery and feel urgent desire to have a pleasant and comfortable environment.

Ample Sleep: With this adorable new member in the family, ensure that you sleep sufficiently. A new born sleeps from almost 16 hours a day but there are short breaks during this sleep. For the woman to get sufficient sleep, the best way is to leave any work in hand aside and sleep when the baby is sleeping. Always place the baby on their back for sleep and ensure that the place should not be stuffed with toys etc. which might suffocate the baby. During the night, you can alternate the position of baby’s head so that no flat spot develops on the head.

Ample Sleep

Hygiene: Whether it is your first experience of motherhood or not, hygiene plays a very important role. Since newborns do not have strong immune system, this will alleviate the risk for infections. Keep a hand sanitizer at a position where anyone coming close to baby can pick it effortlessly.

Breastfeeding: Every mother should breastfeed their children and should take care of following basic steps during feeding.

  • Baby may swallow air during the feeds. Hence, you should burp the baby every 5 minutes if your baby tends to be gassy.
  • Baby typically needs to be fed every 2 to 3 hours. Make sure to breast feed from both breasts turn by turn giving around 10-15 minutes to each breast.
  • If your baby takes longer naps, you may need to wake up the baby to ensure that they are fed sufficiently for proper growth.

Sore nipples and hardening of breasts after the delivery may happen. As the milks comes in, they might feel painful for several days so you should not be worried about it, but make sure to clean the nipples after breast feeding. Bonding, swaddling and Soothing Touch is very significant in making the child get acquainted with the surroundings and feel secured. This physical closeness also strengthens emotional bonding. A gentle massage is also a nice way to give the soothing touch to the baby.



The umbilical cord takes time in falling off and further the navel takes time in healing completely. This process may take around 1 to 4 weeks’ time. During this while, the baby should be cleaned with a sponge bath ensuring that the genital area and joints are given extra attention. Baby’s eyes should be cleaned using a soft muslin cloth or clean cotton ball. Damp the cloth or cotton ball in water and wipe the eye gently from inner corner to the outside. Make sure to use clean piece for every eye. While bathing the baby, keep all items for use ready before hand. This includes a soft, clean towel, a soft brush to stimulate the scalp, clean diaper, unscented baby soap, baby powder, shampoo etc. It is best to make the baby go to sleep after the bath since the child feels tired in the bath and can get a very relaxing nap.

Seeking Help: Once you are on your own after getting discharged from the hospital, it might feel very hectic and overwhelming to be on your own especially with the new member in the family. Seeking help from a professional nurse or friends and family is a great idea.This helps in getting acquainted with handling baby and taking due care of the baby as well as your own health.

Diaper Rashes: A child dirties the diaper around 10 times a day. To change the diaper, lay your baby on the back; always clean the area before placing another diaper. Be careful as a boy might urinate even while you are removing the diaper. Wipe the girl from bottom to front so as to avoid any urinary tract infection.

Diaper Rashes and Checkup

The Postpartum Checkup: Approximately after six weeks of motherhood for first time moms, you must schedule a visit to your gynecologist so that you are sure of your recovery. This visit might need to be scheduled early in case of C-section delivery.

A right consultation from your gynecologist is one thing which ensures that your happy motherhood experience goes just perfect!!

Signs and Symptoms of a Miscarriage


Miscarriage or Spontaneous Abortion refers to the loss of a pregnancy which may happen in the initial 20 weeks period. Studies reveal that almost 10 to 20 percent of known pregnancies tend to end in miscarriage. An alarming 80 percent of these miscarriages occur in the first 12 weeks.

Signs and Symptoms of a Miscarriage

Symptoms of a Miscarriage:

It is quite possible to have a miscarriage before others even get to know about the pregnancy.

The most common symptoms of miscarriage include:

Bleeding: Bleeding is the most common symptom of a miscarriage. But bleeding does not always mean that you are going to miscarry since it is common during the first trimester i.e. the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. Such bleeding is usually in the form of spotting of blood on your underwear. In case of a miscarriage, this bleeding may even be in the form of brown discharge of heavy bleeding which might be shocking to some women. Usually the bleeding is of bright red color and accompanied with cramping.

Sharp or persistent pain

Sharp or Persistent Pain: The pain in the tummy may usually be accompanied with the bleeding. This pain can be either mild or severe and may even give the feeling of a backache. But any pain is not always inferring to a miscarriage. Other reasons which may cause similar pain are:

  • It may be because of the stretching of ligaments which happens towards the end of first trimester.
  • Sometimes it might be caused due to implantation of fertilized egg during or after sex.
  • A bladder infection could also cause such aches and pains.

Vaginal Discharge of Fluid: Another sign that indicates a miscarriage is the discharge of fluid from the vagina. Along with the discharge of fluid, the woman may also feel that the other signs of pregnancy like tenderness of breasts and the sickening feeling are also gone.

Contractions or Cramping

Contractions or Cramping: The feeling of cramps in your abdominal region could be because of the expanding uterus. Sometimes the cramps are also called ‘Braxton-Hicks contractions’. In case of a miscarriage, the cramps so caused tend to become progressively stronger. Once you consult your gynecologist in such a situation, they may advise you for an ultrasound to know the exact reason for cramping and whether it is due to miscarriage or what actions should be taken in that particular situation.

A miscarriage without indications: There is also a possibility of having a miscarriage without having any visible signs of miscarriage. Such miscarriages are discovered only when the doctor discovers it during the routine checkup with an ultrasound scan. Such miscarriages are also known as missed miscarriages.

Disappeared Nauseating feeling

Disappeared Nauseating Feeling: Morning sickness is quite common during pregnancy. These symptoms typically fade by around 12 weeks’ time and hence give no indication of a miscarriage. Yet one can have a routine visit to doctor when the feeling of nausea disappears.

A serious complication in the form of ‘Ectopic Pregnancy’: There are cases where pregnancies are developed outside the womb. Such cases also end up in miscarriage and are termed ectopic pregnancy. The related symptoms may include persistent abdominal pain, vaginal bleeding or spotting, severe pain in the shoulder tips, feeling of vomiting or vomiting and diarrhea, feeling light headed and even fainting. Since these situations can be quite dangerous to the health of both – the expectant mother and the fetus, and there is severe risk of internal bleeding, hence one needs a visit to doctor immediately.

These symptoms may appear between Week 5 to Week 14 of the pregnancy. However, most of these symptoms are liable to arise during the first trimester and the causal factor behind the occurrence of these symptoms could be very different. Yet, the expectant mother is the one who needs to keep herself aware of the situations, realize what’s going on in the body and whether this feels natural to her or if there seems to be some abnormality. In any such situation of discomfort or fear of miscarriage, there is a possibility of having risk to pregnancy and one should consult the doctor to seek medical advice.

Whether your pregnancy is smooth or complicated as per your doctor, it is best to consult your gynecologist as per recommended time schedule. Also, if you feel any discomfort or there is any discomfort, instead of worrying or ignoring it is best to consult your doctor to avoid any regrets later. The experience of a miscarriage can be emotionally devastating and hence every woman and her family should take utmost care that such a situation doesn’t occur in her life.

Painless Delivery – A Blessing to Pregnant Women!!

Motherhood is an expression of completion of a woman’s life. It is undoubtedly a fascinating phase in the journey of a woman’s life. Yet, another aspect associated to motherhood is the immense pain during labor and the apprehensions of having a normal delivery. In such a scenario, the doctors are actively working on finding ways where expectant women can pass the process of giving birth to a new life through a natural process of ‘Painless Delivery’.

Painless Delivery

Can delivery be really painless?

The process of giving birth to a new life is an amazing miracle of nature. When this process is done by giving labor analgesia to the expectant mother at the time of delivery ensuring a natural delivery with minimal amount of pain, it is commonly known as painless labor. This is a mechanism which reduces the chances of C-section in a large number of cases.

The pain sensation during the labor pain is caused by strong uterine contractions. Since the nerves that carry pain sensations areblocked at the spinal level, the pain sensation does not reach the brain where the pain is felt. Thus, the pregnant woman is able to deliver the child with very little or no pain.

The Painless Delivery Mechanism

The Painless Delivery is possible by using Epidural Anaesthesia in which the woman is passed with anesthesia medicine in the back using a small pipe. This procedure is continued till the time delivery happens. Despite being fully conscious during the labor pain, the epidural offers continuous pain relief to the lower part of the body. During this process, the overall sensation decreases thereby relieving the woman from the feeling of pain. All this while, the pregnant woman remains conscious without going through the pain all the while. After the delivery, the dilation process occurs normally yet the feeling of contraction pain is reduced to a great extent.

The anesthetic medications passed through the epidural space act in two ways. One, the nerves leaving the spinal column is blocked by these medicines thereby blocking the nerve conduction. This produces an analgesic effect on the patient. Further, these opioid medicines block the opioid receptors in the spinal column, which also cause relief from labor pain. The effect of medication may be analgesic or anesthetic depending upon the concentration in which the medicine has been used. Higher concentration of medicine leads to blocking of sensation in the nerves causing anesthesia. But if the concentration of the same medicine is reduced largely, the impact of medicine only blocks the pain fibers. This, then, causes analgesia in which the pain relief is offered without any signs of muscle weakness.

Techniques involved in Painless Delivery

The two main techniques that are used to administer an epidural are:

Single shot epidural:  It is done by injecting the opioid medication in the epidural space by giving an injection on the patient’s back under doctor’s supervision. This injection may be given in either the cervical, thoracic or lumbar region.

Techniques of painless delivery

Epidural catheter technique: Another technique involves a fine bore tube to be passed into the epidural space. Then, the medication can be deposited into the epidural space either continuously or intermittently.

Contraindications for an Epidural Anaesthesia

  • If any of the following five symptoms exist in the expectant mother, then Epidural Anaesthesia should not be considered.
  • If the pregnant mother is having some heart ailment,
  • In case the blood pressure becomes low due to some reason,
  • If she is having anatomical complications in the spinal column,
  • In case of any sort of skin infectionat the site where epidural is to be given,
  • If there is any known allergy to the local anaesthetic drug.

Advantages of using Epidural Anaesthesia:

Epidural is a safe and effective way of relief during labor pain making painless delivery possible.

The dosage of the medicine can be completely adjusted by the anesthesiologist or nurse anesthetist who regulates the relief. This control plays a very significant role because as the labor progresses and the baby gradually moves farther down into the birth canal, the dosage requires variation since it is possible that it is not sufficient enough to cover the pain, or the pain may get shifted to some different area.

Another advantage of using this localized medication technique is that the expectant mother remains alertand awake during labor and birth. This painless labor offers such immense relief to the pregnant mother that she may even rest and sleep comfortably as the cervix dilates.

Yet another benefit is that the expectant mother saves sufficient energy which can utilize at the time of pushing. Since very minuscule amount of medication reaches your baby as compared to the use of systemic narcotics, this keeps the relatively safer and even the mother is ready for breast feeding much earlier.

How to Treat Vaginal Dryness in Menopause

Vaginal Dryness in Menopause

Vaginal Dryness in Menopause

Menopause is a usual phase passed by every woman. Vaginal dryness can be one consequence which may cause pain and discomfort in elderly women. Yet, the problem of vaginal dryness can be faced by women of all ages. It may occur before, during or after menopause.

Causes of Vaginal Dryness

The base cause of vaginal dryness can be thinning of the vaginal lining. This is the result of gradually reducing elasticity, expandability, suppleness of the vaginal walls. This reduction in the capacity of vaginal wall is because of the loss of ovarian estrogen. As the vaginal walls are becoming thinner, they become unable to withstand the pressure of sexual intercourse and might even get damaged resulting in bleeding in some cases. Some other reasons causing vaginal dryness may be irritants coming in contact with delicate tissues, side effects of medication, anxiety etc.

Symptoms of Vaginal Dryness

The common symptoms of vaginal dryness include signs like itching, dryness and painful sex. Sexual intercourse may sometimes result in light bleeding. The person may become prone to frequent urinary tract infections, with frequent urge to urinate. The thinning of vaginal lips also indicates vaginal dryness. Other symptoms include soreness, burning and mild vaginal discharge occasionally.

Causes of Vaginal Dryness

Treatment of Vaginal Dryness

Once you are facing this problem of vaginal dryness, don’t just ignore it. You can seek expert consultation from medical expert to be sure of the correctness of the treatment that you are opting.

There are several medical prescriptions which will help treat the vaginal dryness. These treatments typically involve topical and oral estrogens.

Estrogen-based therapies: Estrogen based therapies are especially effective in cases where hormonal changes are causing problems with vaginal lubrication and hence the irritation and dryness in vagina. The treatment may be localized like vaginal estrogen inserts. In some cases especially where vaginal dryness is accompanied with hot flashes, oral medication is required. Depending on the individual case, one might require to use both the approaches to get effective treatment. In that situation, the treatment goes two-way by raising the systemic levels of estrogen and simultaneously treating locally with the local inserts into the vagina.

Use of Lubricants: Lack of lubrication is the reason for irritation and vaginal dryness. By using silicone based, oil based or water based products, you can have slight comfort in sexual intercourse and does not really give much relief in terms of long-term solution to the problem of vaginal dryness. These lubricants are very similar to natural lubricants and can be applied around the lip-shaped vulva and vagina before having sexual intercourse.

Vaginal Moisturizers: There are many vaginal moisturizers available over the counter which can help minimize the vaginal dryness for several days with single application. Since they stay for a few days, you don’t need to apply them immediately before the intercourse. These moisturizers hydrate the vagina by introducing water into the vaginal tissue.

Alternative Therapies to Try

Alternative Therapies to Try

The natural approach will focus on diet and exercise. Diet is one of the most crucial factors which can help in managing the symptoms of vaginal dryness. It requires sodium, potassium, calcium, protein and some electrolytes which will contribute to the vaginal fluid coming from the blood stream. When you intake a diet rich in fatty acids, it will help in producing additional vaginal lubrication. Such dietary foods include fish, sunflower seeds, sesame seeds and raw pumpkin. Other than the direct intake of diet rich in fatty acids, you can obtain high levels of omega 3 fatty acids in food rich in Vitamin B, Vitamin A and beta-carotene. To balance the diet in treating vaginal dryness, you should also consume foods containing isoflavones which contribute in maintaining estrogen levels. Some of the isoflavones rich foods are flax seed, soy, legumes, nuts and apples.

In addition to diet, plenty of fluid intake is also necessary since the lining of vagina is the same as skin of any other area of body. And sufficient amount of fluid and water intake is a must for our skin.

Regular Exercise

Regular Exercise

Regular Exercise is another key factor in healing vaginal dryness. As the Estrogen levels start declining in body with aging, exercise routine can stimulate the adrenal glands and ovaries, thereby contributing towards regulating the hormonal balance in the body. These exercises should include cardiovascular exercise schedule to be followed at least thrice a week for approximately twenty minutes each. This will benefit in blood circulation to the vagina in addition to the overall blood circulation in the body and cardiac health.

There might be a big number of causes for the dryness in vagina, and there are as many ways to treat this irritation and dryness. However, the most effective treatment starts when you know the source which is causing discomfort in your vagina. And the best way is to have the treatment under well experienced Gynecologist.

Coping with changes in your body during Pregnancy

Pregnancy Care

Pregnancy is a joyous experience, but it also brings up lot of uncomfortable feelings, both physical as well as mental. Changes in your weight plus a growing belly can make you feel insecure or even ashamed of your body, but it should not! It’s important to know that there is a surge in hormone levels and blood circulation within your body during pregnancy due to which you face uneasy symptoms during those nine months. Remember, you are supposed to grow and your body is supposed to change. Even though you are tired and feel enormous, you are creating life.

Coping with changes in your body during pregnancy

To make this journey beautiful in which you appreciate your body, a shift in perspective is required. You can experience a whole new level of confidence by acknowledging that you are bringing a beautiful, perfect life into this world. If you find yourself feeling bad about yourself or how you look during pregnancy, you are not alone. And, there are some tips that can ease your journey towards motherhood.

Appreciate your changing body: No matter how large you think you are, you are probably blowing it out of proportion. Your expanding size is mostly in your head. Remember that you are beautiful no matter what, and this is all part of the process.

Educate yourself

Educate yourself: Get more knowledge by watching videos on pregnancy, notice how the mother’s body adjusts to accommodate the infant.

Meditation: Do meditation to battle negative thinking. Start a prenatal yoga. Yoga allows you to develop a connection between your mind and body. A regular yoga practice can also relieve pregnancy-related stress and anxiety.


Have a good support network: It is a good idea to surround you with positive people. The key thing to help you stay upbeat is to stay away from critical people. Instead, open up to supportive, understanding people in your social circle. Sharing your feelings with other expectant mothers can also help you feel less alone in the process.

Focus on health: A healthy weight is essential for the health of your baby. Educate yourself on the specific changes that occur to better understand why weight gain is vital in supporting a growing baby. Exercise regularly.

Pamper Yourself

Pamper yourself:  Nourish your body and mind with a self-care routine that suits you. Listen soothing music, sit in nature. Even just putting on makeup and getting dressed up for a date night with your partner can boost your self-esteem.

Love yourself: There will be days when you are exhausted and have low self-esteem. It happens. Don’t allow yourself to think negative thoughts. You are growing a baby and you need to put on weight to support the life growing inside of you.

Give yourself a pat on the back as this is the time to feel like a ‘Superwoman’ and a ‘divine goddess’, for this extraordinary ability of bringing a brand new life into the world. In order to give your little one the best care, maintaining a positive frame of mind is as important eating healthy and staying active.

Best Tips to Prepare for Breastfeeding


With the changing times, everything in the world around us has been witnessing change. And the same holds true even in the case of pregnancy and breastfeeding. Some decades ago, pregnant women used to prepare themselves for breastfeeding by their chests with a rough towel to ‘toughen their nips’ and start breastfeeding without facing soreness.

Best Tips to Prepare for Breastfeeding

Today, more significance is laid on seeking good breastfeeding information even before you have given birth to the child. This gives much ease and comfort to handle the new born. At the same time, you are clear about what is normal to deal with and what needs attention and should make you seek external help from either the experienced or the expert.

Here are some of the best tips which will prepare you for your first breastfeeding experience.

Sharing. When you talk to experienced women who are either breastfeeding or have done that in the past, you get familiar with how they have dealt with.

Doctors Advice

Awareness. Reading books, gathering information on the subject makes you comfortable about the subject and with clarity, your mind and body gets at ease with the art of breastfeeding.

Know Your Body Well. Some women might have medical factors or challenges with breastfeeding, and hence it is good to discuss them with your doc well in advance. These factors include Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS), some past history of having undergone breast surgery, hormonal imbalances, complication in getting or staying pregnant, puberty issues related to breast growth and development.

Although these issues don’t imply that such women cannot breastfeed their baby, but prior discussion helps in preparing to develop a plan.

Baby’s Calendar. Schedule your time for baby in the calendar. This time is not some hours of the day, but the initial few weeks of your motherhood. As a mother, you should try to keep yourself booked for the first two weeks only for breastfeeding the child.

Teaching Baby

Teaching the Baby. The newborn also needs to learn the art of taking the feed from you. This way, the baby starts latching on to your breasts the right way and you start becoming comfortable with the feeding process without getting soreness on your nipples.

Prepare your wardrobe. Stock your wardrobe with necessary stuff like supportive nursing bras, nursing pads, purified lanolin for application on sore nipples, comfortable dresses which make breastfeeding easy for you.

Snooze Often

Snooze Often. Endorphins overrule the body for about a week and hence, as much as the baby sleeps, you too should. This helps in recovering from childbirth and the whole focus is only breastfeeding the baby.

Early Breastfeeding. If you get a normal delivery, then you can breastfeed your baby immediately after birth or at least two hours after birth. It is best share your plan about breastfeeding with the medical professional around you.

However, in case of a C-section, you cannot start to breastfeed the baby immediately after birth. In such a case, go as per doctor’s counsel but once you start breastfeeding, follow the normal breastfeeding routine.