Miscarriage or Spontaneous Abortion refers to the loss of a pregnancy which may happen in the initial 20 weeks period. Studies reveal that almost 10 to 20 percent of known pregnancies tend to end in miscarriage. An alarming 80 percent of these miscarriages occur in the first 12 weeks.
Symptoms of a Miscarriage:
It is quite possible to have a miscarriage before others even get to know about the pregnancy.
The most common symptoms of miscarriage include:
Bleeding: Bleeding is the most common symptom of a miscarriage. But bleeding does not always mean that you are going to miscarry since it is common during the first trimester i.e. the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. Such bleeding is usually in the form of spotting of blood on your underwear. In case of a miscarriage, this bleeding may even be in the form of brown discharge of heavy bleeding which might be shocking to some women. Usually the bleeding is of bright red color and accompanied with cramping.
Sharp or Persistent Pain: The pain in the tummy may usually be accompanied with the bleeding. This pain can be either mild or severe and may even give the feeling of a backache. But any pain is not always inferring to a miscarriage. Other reasons which may cause similar pain are:
- It may be because of the stretching of ligaments which happens towards the end of first trimester.
- Sometimes it might be caused due to implantation of fertilized egg during or after sex.
- A bladder infection could also cause such aches and pains.
Vaginal Discharge of Fluid: Another sign that indicates a miscarriage is the discharge of fluid from the vagina. Along with the discharge of fluid, the woman may also feel that the other signs of pregnancy like tenderness of breasts and the sickening feeling are also gone.
Contractions or Cramping: The feeling of cramps in your abdominal region could be because of the expanding uterus. Sometimes the cramps are also called ‘Braxton-Hicks contractions’. In case of a miscarriage, the cramps so caused tend to become progressively stronger. Once you consult your gynecologist in such a situation, they may advise you for an ultrasound to know the exact reason for cramping and whether it is due to miscarriage or what actions should be taken in that particular situation.
A miscarriage without indications: There is also a possibility of having a miscarriage without having any visible signs of miscarriage. Such miscarriages are discovered only when the doctor discovers it during the routine checkup with an ultrasound scan. Such miscarriages are also known as missed miscarriages.
Disappeared Nauseating Feeling: Morning sickness is quite common during pregnancy. These symptoms typically fade by around 12 weeks’ time and hence give no indication of a miscarriage. Yet one can have a routine visit to doctor when the feeling of nausea disappears.
A serious complication in the form of ‘Ectopic Pregnancy’: There are cases where pregnancies are developed outside the womb. Such cases also end up in miscarriage and are termed ectopic pregnancy. The related symptoms may include persistent abdominal pain, vaginal bleeding or spotting, severe pain in the shoulder tips, feeling of vomiting or vomiting and diarrhea, feeling light headed and even fainting. Since these situations can be quite dangerous to the health of both – the expectant mother and the fetus, and there is severe risk of internal bleeding, hence one needs a visit to doctor immediately.
These symptoms may appear between Week 5 to Week 14 of the pregnancy. However, most of these symptoms are liable to arise during the first trimester and the causal factor behind the occurrence of these symptoms could be very different. Yet, the expectant mother is the one who needs to keep herself aware of the situations, realize what’s going on in the body and whether this feels natural to her or if there seems to be some abnormality. In any such situation of discomfort or fear of miscarriage, there is a possibility of having risk to pregnancy and one should consult the doctor to seek medical advice.
Whether your pregnancy is smooth or complicated as per your doctor, it is best to consult your gynecologist as per recommended time schedule. Also, if you feel any discomfort or there is any discomfort, instead of worrying or ignoring it is best to consult your doctor to avoid any regrets later. The experience of a miscarriage can be emotionally devastating and hence every woman and her family should take utmost care that such a situation doesn’t occur in her life.